Education, Training and Social Inclusion

Coordinator: G. Petrou  (Members of the Working Group: I. Miralles and M. Sigova)

Brief Description

Education and training are widely recognized among the main drivers of economic growth, social inclusion, research and innovation and job creation. Extensive access to high-quality education and training strongly increases the perspectives for personal development. European Union is highly committed in enhancing education and training. The European Education Area (EEA)1 policy is devoted to further enrich quality, inclusiveness and digital and green dimension of Member States education systems by 2025. It includes six dimensions: quality, inclusion and gender equality, green and digital transitions, teachers, higher education and a stronger Europe in the world.

There is no education without diversity and social inclusion and they need to be enhanced together, as they offer new opportunities to boost knowledge, competences and skills. The European Pillar of Social Rights2, together with the European Skills Agenda3, the renewed VET policy4 and the new EU Gender Equality Strategy 2020-20255 will work following shared principles of inclusion, in order to promote a gender equal workplace culture and help combat racism and all forms of discrimination.

4 Council Recommendation on vocational education and training (VET) for sustainable competitiveness, social fairness and resilience, COM(2020)275 final:

Impact at EU level

Different target groups will be addressed by European policies in Education, Training and Social Inclusion fields:

  1. Early childhood education and care
  2. Schools (from primary to tertiary level)
  3. Vocational Education and Training
  4. Higher Education
  5. Adult Education
  6. Parents
  7. Policy makers
  8. Citizens/civil society


Relevant EU projects

CRES Members EU projects relevant in the thematic area


Researches and Studies in the field

Education & Training:

  1. European Education Area (EEA), retrieved from
  3. UNESCO – Global Education Coalition, retrieved from

Social inclusion:

  1. UNESCO – Education transforms lives, retrieved from
  2. George Koutsouris, Hannah Anglin-Jaffe & Lauren Stentiford (2020) How well do we understand social inclusion in education?, British Journal of Educational Studies, 68:2, 179-196, retrieved from


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